Researches and Updates

Food and Beverage Sector

The food and beverages processing industry embrace a total of 686 establishments and staff more than 60,409 employees. Gross Value of Production of the sub-sector amounted Birr 16.22 Billion while value added at market price becomes Birr 6.85 Billion. Major food and beverages manufacturing industries (gross value of Production amounting Birr 500 million and above) include Manufacture of Diary Products (661 million), Manufacture of Bakery Products (2.92 billion), Manufacture of Sugar and Sugar Confectionary (1.05 billion), Manufacture of Malt Liquor and Malt (3.73 billion), and Manufacture of Soft Drinks & Production of Mineral Water (3.31 billion). > Read More

Metal and Engineering Sub-sector

Foreign companies play major roles in the Metal and engineering subsector in Ethiopia. The subsector is a 5.55 Billion Birr tagged business. Metal sheet, wire, crown cork, metallic door & window happen to be major areas of production of the sub sector. Apart from domestic production, the country imports steel and various iron raw materials up to 500,000 tons per annum from Asia and Europe. The government has planned to enhance the industry’s production, quality and productivity, substitute imported products, build-up the design and manufacturing capacity of the industry as well as supporting other manufacturing industries under its GTP. > Read More

Tourism Sector

Ethiopia branded as ‘thirteen months of sunshine’ is a country endowed with different archaeological, cultural, wonderful natural and manmade tourists attractions. The Northern and the Southern routes are the two major tourist sites. Ethiopia currently has nine world heritage sites listed with UNESCO in the category of cultural and natural heritages. The number of tourists visiting Ethiopia has been continuously growing since 2006 and reached to 523,438 by the year 2011. In 2010, Birr 4.8 billion generated from the sector, 3,853 investment activities registered in the category of hotels, motels, guest houses, pensions, restaurants and cafeterias. During 2012, a total of 1,532 licensed and registered tour operators. Shortage in number and type of tourist facilities, lack of trained manpower and quality service, ineffective promotional activities are some of the challenges of the sector. > Read More

Horticulture Sub-sector

The structure of the Ethiopian Horticulture Sector constitutes vegetables, fruits and flowers of different kinds with growers of various types and sizes. Most of the Horticultural business in Ethiopia is located in the vicinity of Addis Ababa (Ziway, Debre zeit,  Sebeta and Holeta) to access Addis Ababa Bole international airport. Major horticulture products of the country include fruits crops, vegetables, floriculture. The production of fruit crops has been increasing at an average annual growth rate of 9.95% for the last five years from 2008/09 to 2011/12. The total horticulture export reached USD $265.71 million as of 2011/12 fiscal year showing an average annual increase of 19.91% for the past five years. The sector engaged 294,680 employees on permanent and temporary basis. > Read More

Agriculture Sector

Agriculture accounted for 43.22% of GDP and approximately 80% of the total labor force of the country. The total crop production of the country was 259.1 million quintals as of 2010/11 FY (an increase of 38.53% compared to 2006/7 FY). Ethiopia is one of the top ranking countries in Africa and among the first ten in the world in terms of livestock resource. > Read More

Transport Sector

Transportation is life blood of economic activity which adds value to raw materials, finished goods, services, and information. The sector is has been increasing on average by 23.80 % for the past five years (from 2006 to 2011). The number of dry cargo trucks and trailers, and tanker trucks & trailers has been increasing by 10.10 % and 7.91 % respectively for the past nine years as per the information obtained from Federal Transport Authority. Several factors influences the demand for dry and liquid cargo trucks including the trend in volume of import, volume of export commodities, volume of agricultural produces, volume of manufacturing products, etc. The total demand for dry cargo trucks and trailers in 2013 EC was 351.83 million quintals. > Read More

Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry 

The performance of fruit and vegetable processing sector in Ethiopia offers an enticing opportunity for investors despite it is underutilized. On the contrary, the country imports a variety of processed edible fruit and vegetable products. There are few operational fruit and vegetable processing plants in the country engaged in processing tomato paste, orange marmalade, vegetable soup, frozen vegetables and wine. > Read More

Leather and Leather Products Industry

Ethiopia supply more than 15 million hides and skins per annum out of which 80% are collected from rural areas and the remaining 20% are derived from slaughtering facilities in major towns and cities. The country exports processed and semi-processed hides and skins to international markets including Europe, America, Canada, China, Japan and other Far Eastern countries and the Middle East. The structure of leather industry of the country has mainly four players: Raw Leather Suppliers, Tanneries, Finished goods, and Retailers and wholesalers. > Read More

Paper and Paper Products Industry

Ethiopia does not produce its own pulp. Hence, bulk of already produced paper rolls imported for further processing. However, there are few companies that use imported pulp for their paper mills. The total value of production of paper and paper related products amounted Birr 1.05 Billion representing 5.11 % of the total value of manufacturing industries in June 2013 as per the information obtained from CSA. > Read More

Textile Industry

The country has a long history in textiles productions which dates back it beginning in 1939. The sector comprises upstream segment called the textile mills (spinning, weaving, knitting, dyeing and finishing) and the downstream activities such as the apparel segment which includes garments made out of woven and knitted fabrics. The value chain of the textile and garment industry constitutes cultivation of the Cotton, Spinning, Weaving, Knitting, Dyeing and finally Product. Major textile and clothing products exported from Ethiopia include readymade garments, cotton yarn, grey cloth, etc. > Read More

Chemical Sector

The chemical sector comprises rubber and rubber products, caustic soda and soda ash, fertilizer, soap and detergent, plastics and plastics products and paper and paper products, etc… Consumption and production of chemical products noted augmenting at national level. Over a passage of time industries that consume chemical and chemical products are expanding which is expected to press continued pressure on the demand. > Read More

Coffee Sub-Sector

Ethiopia is the birthplace of the finest coffees in the world. Furthermore, the country stands as one of the biggest coffee producer and exporter nation in the world. Coffee grown in Ethiopia is famous for its excellent quality and taste. Coffee is center of Ethiopia economy supporting the livelihoods of many. It generates 25 % of Ethiopia‘s foreign exchange earnings and provides livelihoods for more than 15 million people. The sector employs several workers from picking to washing, hulling to transportation, warehousing to auctioning etc. > Read More

Export Sector  

The country exporteddifferent types of products to the international market. Europe is the leading continent for the country’s export destination constituting about 39.26 % of the country’s total export, followed by Asia which took 34.34 % and Africa constituting 20.64 %. The export sector of Ethiopia during the fiscal years 2008/09-2012/13 has shown an increase in both value and volume. The largest export value comes from: Coffee Birr 10,615.39 million, Gold Birr 6,693.74 million, Oilseed Birr 6,075.62 million, Chat Birr 3,456.60 million, Flower Birr 2,676.66 million and Pulses Birr 2,400.49 million> Read More

Pharmaceutical Industry

Currently, 85% of all medication in Ethiopia is imported from different countries of the world via 224 importers and distributors of pharmaceutical products mostly located in the capital. It is forecasted that the pharmaceutical industry in Ethiopia will be 945.8 million dollar worth business in the year 2017. Trend analysis reveals that import of pharmaceutical sector has been increasing by an average annual growth rate of 22.9% for the period covering from 2005 to 2011.  During 2011, import of pharmaceuticals registered its peak level (350.4 million USD)> Read More

Insurance Sector

The structures of the Ethiopian Insurance Industry basically embrace formal sector which incorporates sixteen insurance companies operating in the country and the informal sector like Iddir. The country’s insurance industry is relatively undeveloped manifested by the sectors low penetration. Currently, there are sixteen insurance companies operating in the country with a total branch network of 260 operating across the country. > Read More

Import sector

The gross domestic product (GDP) share of Ethiopia’s import value has increased from 24.2 % in 1999/00 fiscal year to 28 % in 2013. The import sector of the nation has witnessed an unparalleled four years average growth rate of 23.94 %. The aggressive investment in business and residential construction, transport, and other chemical consuming industries by foreign direct investors, domestic investors and government investment in public amenities escalated import demand of the nation. > Read More

Banking Sector

Total deposits mobilized by the banking sector during the 3rd quarter of 2014 under review reached to Birr 271.9 Billion, out of which 186.8 Billion raised by public banks (CBE 181.9 billion birr) and the rest (Birr 85.1 Billion) by private banks. This was partly attributed to the rise in the number of bank branches, and improvement in the overall economic activities. The deposit structure of commercial banks depicts that Demand, Saving and Time deposits accounts for 45.34%, 48.31% and 6.36%, respectively, as of March 30, 2014. Total loans and advances in the banking industry stood to Birr 140.96 Billion> Read More